Agriculture & Natural Resources

Vegetable Garden Basics

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Start the Garden:
• Plan and put your garden on paper first and record any planting changes.
• Find out the space requirement for individual crops.
• To break disease and insect cycles, if space permits, don’t put crops of the same family (tomatoes, peppers, potatoes and eggplant are all in the Solanaceous/Nightshade family) in the same spot more then once in three years.
• If this is not the first time gardening in this spot, use last years’ garden plan as a guide to place this year’s crops.
• Find out which crops are grown best as direct seeding (can put the seeds directly in the garden) or must be started indoors then transplanted out into garden rows.
• Read garden plant/seed catalogs, books, Extension publications, internet sites to know all about the crops you are growing.
• Place seed orders early if ordering from a catalog—typically the fall before.
• Construct raised beds (cypress or cedar wood, concrete blocks or bricks) and fill with soil high in organic matter that drains well. Or simply mound the soil to raise the beds and improve drainage.

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Cooperative Extension Education in Agriculture and Home Economics, University of Delaware, Delaware State University and the United States Department of Agriculture cooperating. Distributed in furtherance of Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. It is the policy of the Delaware Cooperative Extension System that no person shall be subjected to discrimination on the grounds of race, color, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

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