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Eggplant

Eggplant Fact Sheet Photo

  • Season: Late summer.
  • Selection: Eggplant skin should be smooth, shiny, and vivid in color. They should spring back when gently pressed with the pad of the thumb. Stem and cap should be bright green.
  • Storage and Handling: Store around 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Eggplant is sensitive to heat and cold. Uncut and unwashed eggplant should be placed in a plastic bag in the refrigerator to maintain crispness and freshness. Once the inner flesh is exposed, they will perish quickly. If bought wrapped in plastic film, remove it right away to keep freshness longer.
  • Preparation: “Sweating” the eggplants by salting it will tenderize the texture and lessen bitter taste of the flesh. Slice to desired size and sprinkle with salt before laying it out for 30 minutes to pull out the water content. Rinse to remove salt. Use stainless steel knife to avoid flesh turning black and always wash before cutting ends and slicing.
  • Serving: Eggplants can be steamed, roasted or baked. Pierce many times with a fork to make small holes for steam to escape. Bake at 350F for 15-25 minutes according to the thickness and size of the slices. They are ready when the fork or knife goes through easily.
  • Nutrients: Excellent source of fiber and manganese. Good source of potassium, vitamin K, vitamin C, folate and vitamin B6.

Recipes

Eggplant Appetizer

  • 5 eggplants, peeled and cubed
  • 5 green bell peppers, seeded and chopped
  • 5 tomatoes, chopped
  • 5 onions, chopped
  • 1 ½ Tbsp. white sugar
  • 1 Tbsp. salt
  • ½ cup vegetable oil
  • ½ cup red wine vinegar
  • ½ cup water
  1. Place eggplant, bell pepper, tomato and onion into a large pot. In a small bowl, stir together the sugar, salt, oil, vinegar and water.
  2. Pour over the vegetables. Bring to a boil and cook over medium heat for 30 minutes.
  3. Cool, then serve with chips.

Eggplant Delight

  • 3 Tbsp. vegetable oil
  • 1 medium eggplant, sliced into ½ inch rounds
  • 1 medium onion, sliced into rings
  • ½ cup shredded cheddar cheese
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  1. Heat oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add onion, and sauté until browned.
  2. Remove the onion to a bowl, and place eggplant slices in the hot skillet. Fry on both sides until browned and tender
  3. Season with salt and pepper. When eggplant is tender, top slices with onion and cover with cheese. Allow cheese to melt for a few minutes before serving.

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Developed by Eva Rottman-Oehler, Master Food Educator volunteer, University of Delaware Cooperative Extension



Original Publication Date:

Cooperative Extension Education in Agriculture and Home Economics, University of Delaware, Delaware State University and the United States Department of Agriculture cooperating. Distributed in furtherance of Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. It is the policy of the Delaware Cooperative Extension System that no person shall be subjected to discrimination on the grounds of race, color, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Disclaimer: Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by University of Delaware Cooperative Extension or bias against those not mentioned.

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