SATURATED SOIL can lead to problems with roots of trees and shrubs, and ultimately contribute to death or uprooting of trees. When soil becomes saturated through over-watering or heavy rains, plants cannot develop new fine feeder roots that are responsible for uptake of nutrients. A good root system also anchors a plant well into the planting site. Development of a good root system can take time, and over-watering can prevent root growth and establishment. Plants with an under-developed root system are more prone to stress and root disease. Subsequent stress from drought that may occur later in the season can lead to death of plants that do not have a good root system. Trees and shrubs without a good root system are more prone to upheaval and toppling during storms with wind. Proper planting and soil preparation with good drainage may prevent problems in the future.
Saturated soil can also lead to problems in row crops, field crops, vegetables and turf. Good drainage can help to avoid problems with root rot that may move in following flooding and saturated soil.